Date of publication: 2017-07-09 03:48
It is a red-lettered day, on which the schools and government and private offices remain closed. Early in the morning, the students sing in chorus the national anthem in accompaniment of flute and drum marching together in processions in the streets. National flags are hoisted in the houses, schools, colleges, and offices.
The Dalai Lama at the Mind and Life
Conference expressed his views on meditation on love, compassion and wisdom and
how it became a source of his interest in science. He insisted on instructing
the Tibetian monks with a spark of science. The Buddhist way of investigation
of reality is similar to the scientific way of research. Both approaches can
work in parallel and the belief system doesn’t have to be bent to accept
Neeraj, though i am not an expert..but i would like to point out on a few things First, your introduction could have been more succinct by giving a broad overview and not go into details from d beginning..Then, you gave a a bit longer narrative of the economic transition under various PMs..UPSC seeks a concise,exact and effective expression..Adding to this i feel that one should not be personal in his references and be non partisan in approach..like 8776 Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s acumen in handling the pressure of 79 party alliance is commendable 8776 ..your argumetns seemed pro NDA..
The indiscriminate use of mineral resources has led to many other environmental problems. The ecosystem has been disturbed and the human beings being at the top of the food chain has given a scant thought about the deteriorating ecosystem. The accumulation of pesticides in the food chain has led to extinction of many species of birds. Anthropogenic activities like introduction of exotic species in a different habitat have eliminated many indigenous flora and fauna.
Farming of single species of rice etc has reduced diversity and has led to extinction of indigenous fauna and reduced capability to cope up with diseases and insects. These anthropogenic activities are leading to loss of biodiversity for our future generation.
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Revolution is a form of protest which tries to bring a fundamental change in government structures in a very short period of time. Due to their basic nature, revolutions are against the fundamentals of democratic institutions. Revolutions have never led directly to democratic government. For ex. French revolution in 68th century led to spread of violence and eventually foundation of another autocratic regime under recent times movements in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen were the revolution for establishing democracies. Revolutions were successful to topple the authoritarian regimes but failed to establish the working democracy even after two years.
That saying of greed and need should be kept in mind, while formulating a common document, during its implementation and even after its success. Because that saying was time and period neutral.
However, revolutions have proved to be short term changes and are usually followed by a period of instability and turbulence. Since they seek to replace only the power structure, and do not address the real issues, they are said to treat the symptoms, rather than the disease.
Instead, what is needed are social movements. Movements that span across all strata of the society, work slowly but gradually, change the attitude and mindset of the society, and in the end are capable of altering the very value framework on which the society resides. Such movements are capable of evolving the society, making it more flexible and resilient and attuning it in sync with the requirements of democracy.
The Gandhian model for village administration was given a constitutional force. The 78rd and 79th Amendment Act introduced three tier panchayati raj at the village level and urban local govt at urban level respectively. This ushered in a new political equation and gave greater autonomy to the village level. Also one-third seats were reserved for women in these elections leading to empowerment of women.